African Americans Home

Civil Rights Groups:

Discrimination Organizations-

Hate Groups: The KKK Or Klu Klux Klan
The KKK was one of the most popular hate groups During the 50s and 60s. They were recognizable by the white hoods and robes they wore to any KKK rally or meeting. They believed that anyone who was different from them (the white protestants) was inferior to them. They especially held this belief about blacks. The KKK became infamous for terrorizing and sometimes killing blacks around the nation.

The reason the Klu Klux Klan acted this way was they believed that blacks and anyone who they didn't agree with, or was not like them, was not human. They believed that any minority group or anyone they thought was wrong should be deprived of their civil rights. When the African American civil rights movement was started, the KKK did everything they could to stop it. They already had for years discriminated against blacks by depriving them from jobs in workplaces they owned, segregating them in schools and public places by voting for and submitting unfair laws and by terrorizing blacks. But when the civil rights movement started in the 50's they really started to be violent. They stopped the freedom ride buses and beat and killed the riders. They stopped the Little Rock Nine from entering Topeka high school and generally hindered blacks in any way that they could.

African American Activist Organizations-

• Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
-Lead by John Lewis, who was from a family of sharecroppers. Although he was poor growing up he ended up getting a great education, and left with a bachelors degree in Religion and Philosophy. By organizing sit-ins (a nonviolent protest to attract attention on something important, usually made up of more than one person) he knew that he wanted to be a civil rights activist. In 1961 he joined the SNCC in multiple Freedom Rides. In 1963 he took over the SNCC chairman spot and stayed chairman until 1966. While being in the SNCC he led 525 marches such as the Washington March and the Selma to Montgomery march.
-Freedom Rides were made up of people who took road trips deep down south to stop segregation at interstate bus terminals. They would all receive many death threats and beatings, but it didn't persuade them to stop.
-Freedom Ballots were organized by the SNCC in 1963 located in Mississippi. It was a mock election to allow poor African Americans to vote. They were set up to demonstrate how African Americans were discriminated against. It also premoted fair employment and better schools. College students from Yale and Standford came down to help and were beaten by the white Mississippians. The freedom ballot consisted of 80,000 African Americans that were voting. This showed that if African Americans were given the opportunity to vote they would.

•National Association for the advancement of colored people (NAACP)
The NAACP was formed in order to help black people who were as a response to lynchings and the race riots of 1908. Its goal was to secure the 13th 14th and 15th amendments for blacks. Currently the NAACPs goal is to "ensure the political, educational, social and economic equality of minority group citizens of United States and eliminate race prejudice". The NAACP was established in 1909 by Mary White Ovington and Oswald Garrison Villard. They were the descendants of abolitionists and felt very strongly about their beliefs. In 1910 W.E.B. DuBois started the The Crisis, the official magazine of the NAACP. It is still in publication today. By 1919 membership was up to around 90,000 people. With branches around the country. The NAACP was and still is invested in making sure blacks get their rights and supplies lawyers and funds to make sure they get them.

•The Congress for Racial Equality or CORE
CORE was another organization dedicated to helping blacks face discrimination. They organized the march on Washington to commemorate the Birmingham bombings where MLK made his "I have a dream" speech. The thing they were most famous for however is their involvement with the freedom rides. In 1947 they sent a group of 8 black and 8 white men into the deep south. In an "effort to end transportation segregation". CORE also helped organize freedom summer which was an effort to bring some of CORE's influence down into the south. During freedom summer, CORE also established more than 30 "freedom schools" specifically for blacks.